Seed Drills
All KRM fertiliser spreaders use our Trend spreading system. This system is unique in combining two spread patterns for the ultimate spreading performance in-field and at the headland.
In Field Spreading
Headland Spreading
A true "Double Double Overlap" spread pattern is used for in field work. The large diameter stainless steel discs rotate towards each other giving maximum accuracy and tolerance.
Simply by reversing the discs the back of the vane is brought into use. The natural characteristic of this pattern ensures a sharp cut of at the headland.

The "Double Double Overlap" spread pattern offers the largest amount of overlap possible and therefore the highest degree of tolerance when spreading.

The diagrams below demonstrate that the left hand disc applies fertiliser across the full spread width as does the right hand disc, therefore a true double overlap tramline to tramline across the full width has taken place.
As the machine spreads the next tramline another double overlap is applied. It can now be seen that the area between the tramlines which has now had its whole application has received 4 applications two from each disc. In this way the spread pattern is built up little and often. When spreading in the real world there are many factors that can affect the evenness of spread, such as wind, uneven ground, material variations and PTO speed fluctuations. By using the Double Double overlap system where effectively 4 applications are being applied any external factors will have a much smaller affect than they will with other spread systems offering less overlap.
Tray tests are regularly carried out by Bogballe the manufacturers who have their own test hall. This is done to ensure the accuracy of their machines and also that the spread charts supplied with machines are up to date and include all fertiliser types. The diagram below shows actual test hall data for a machine doing a tray test with only the left hand disc spinning. As you can see an even triangular spread pattern is achieved and fertiliser is spread across the full 24m spread width
The next diagram in the sequence is showing just the right disc spreading and again we have a very even triangular shaped spread pattern across the full 24m spread width.
This last diagram in the sequence shows the result when both disc's are running together. The red line along the top indicates the overall spreading result when the machine spread the adjacent two tramlines.
The diagram below shows what would happen if the spread pattern was overlapped at different spread widths. It can be seen that at 24m which is our target spread width the coefficient of variation (or evenness of spread) is 4.5% an excellent result. What this diagram also shows is that the accuracy of the machine is not lost if for some reason it is not driven at 24m for example on grass. Where the actual spread width may vary due to driving accuracy. It can be seen that the coefficient of variation remains below 6% at all widths below 24m and only exceeds 10% at 28m. (Stripes start to become visible in a crop at 20%, KRM do not publish spread charts for machines which give a coefficient of variation worse than 10%). This highlights the tolerance the KRM machine, all external factors such as PTO speed, sloping ground, material size and wind, have the same effect in the field as driving at an incorrect width.
Spreading Uneven shaped fields

This double, double overlap system also means that when leaving or approaching a headland at 90 degrees or at differing angles, it is only necessary to switch on or off the full spread . . . eliminating the risk of error from complex left and right shut off controls.

View the video (may take a few seconds to load) to see for yourself! The video was produced using actual test result data from an "In Spinning" KRM Trend spreader and compared with results from an "Out Spinning" spreader. The simulation depicts two identical fields, the left field being spread with the KRM "In Spinning" system and the right field with the "Out Spinning" method.

Each field is spread in the same sequence, starting first with the headland, then working across the field. The single shut off point for the KRM system and the separate left and right shut offs for the "Out Spinning" method are indicated as the field area is covered. The start (shown green) and shut off (shown red) points for each system are optimized to give the "best" result in each case.

The resulting comparison demonstrates that there is absolutely no difference in overall spreading accuracy between the simple to operate KRM "In Spinning" (or In-Centre) system and the more complex "Out Spinning" (or Off-Centre) system.

And using the KRM system could not be more simple . . . only half the start and shut off points are needed, making precise spreading much easier for the operator.


This is why KRM fertiliser spreaders always do extremely well in any independent testing, the machines spread pattern with maximum overlap and gentle triangular shape ensures accuracy of spread with minimum settings.
Keith Rennie Machinery Ltd, Registered office: Clay Pit Lane, Bar Lane Industrial Estate, Boroughbridge, North Yorkshire,YO51 9LS
Tel: 01423 324221
Registered in England No 2050946 Vat No GB 431025309, e-mail
Fax: 01423 324355